The Department of Labor (DOL) has advised that EPSL and EFMLA are unavailable when schools or places of care are closed for reasons unrelated to COVID-19. However, some employees may rely on summer programs or other care arrangements during summer break. Many of these programs and arrangements have been affected by COVID-19 and are either not open or have substantially curtailed operations.
If an employee’s summer child care provider is closed or unavailable due to a COVID-19-related reason, FFCRA leave may be available. Employers faced with FFCRA requests on this basis should ask the requesting employee for the following documentation:
- The name of employee’s child;
- The name of the school, place of care, or child care provider that is closed or unavailable due to COVID-19; and
- A statement that no other suitable person is available to care for the employee’s child.
Employers should keep in mind that child care is often dynamic and changes from year to year. The DOL indicates that there are a “multitude of possible circumstances” under which an employee can establish that summer child care has been interrupted by COVID-19. While proof of current or recent child care enrollment in summer programs is instructive, neither are required to grant leave.
To the extent that an employee can satisfy the above information for a FFCRA leave request, employers should err on the side of granting the request, unless there is a strong reason to suspect the request is fraudulent.
OFLA Sick Child Leave
Temporary OFLA regulations also provide OFLA protected time off to care for children whose school or place of care is closed by order of a public official during COVID-19. Unlike FFCRA leave, OFLA leave is unpaid. While most child care providers are currently not required to be closed under Oregon’s phased reopening, many have chosen to stay closed or curtail operations due to the virus.
Employers should be wary of narrowly construing the language of the rule. BOLI has signaled it plans to interpret the rule broadly to align with FFCRA guidance. For example, “place of care” extends to an individual “care provider” (for example, nanny, grandparent, familial care, etc.) and a “closure” includes a curtailment of operation that limits attendance and hours due to COVID-19-related reasons.
Unlike FFCRA, OFLA “sick child leave” does not provide a mechanism under which the employer may request the name of the unavailable child care center or provider. An employee’s statement alone will suffice to support the reason for OFLA “sick child leave.”
Employers should also remember that an employee who has exhausted twelve weeks of OFLA parental leave is still entitled to an additional twelve weeks of OFLA “sick child leave” in the same leave year.
Outside of some factual discrepancy, an employer should approve an OFLA “sick child leave” request if the employee represents they are required to care for their child due to a COVID-19-related loss of child care.
If you have questions regarding FFCRA, OFLA, or the DOL’s expanded guidance on COVID-19-related child care leave, contact Amy Angel or Daniel Walker at 503-228-0500, or at firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. For additional content, including other Electronic Alerts, articles, and employer resources, visit www.barran.com.
Electronic Alerts are written by Barran Liebman attorneys for their clients and friends. Alerts are not intended as legal advice, but as employment law, labor law, and employee benefits announcements. If this has been forwarded to you, and you would like to begin receiving Electronic Alerts directly, please email or call Traci Ray at 503-276-2115. Copyright ©2020 by Barran Liebman LLP.
Las Alertas electrónicas son escritas por abogados de Barran Liebman para sus clientes y amigos. Las Alertas no son proveídas como asesoramiento legal, sino solo como anuncios de leyes de empleo, leyes laborales y beneficios de empleo. Si esto ha sido remetido a usted y quisieras empezar a recibir las Alertas directamente, por favor mándanos un correo electrónico o llama a Traci Ray al 503-276-2115. Derechos de autor ©2020 por Barran Liebman LLP.